1816: The Year Without Summer

1816 has also been called summerless year and it was the most bizarre year since the dawn of meteorology in the United States and Canada.

While January and February have been pretty standard that year, in March, a cold wave has arrived, and then in April and May the rain was falling virtually every day, while in June and July the frost was a daily thing, and in New York around 1 meter of snow has been registered.

The Europe has been hit by huge storms and many rivers have flooded the cities. These irregular weather changes has caused huge damages to agriculture around the world, and the food prices have increased 10 times.

Nobody had any idea why the winter has arrived instead of summer until 1920, when US scientist  William Humphries has set a widely accepted hypothesis for that particular climate phenomenon.

Humphries has discovered that in April 1815. a huge Indonesian volcano Tambora has erupted and sent tons of volcanic ash into the Earth’s atmosphere.

The cloud was so big that the most part of Northern Hemisphere has been covered with large layer of dust and dirt, and only in May 1816 was clear that something wasn’t right.

The frost has destroyed all the crops, and the hunger that has risen as a consequence caused social unrest, mutinies, higher crime rates and even fall of complete societies.

The “summerless” year is according to many scientists a main culprit for one of the deadliest typhus epidemics in history. While the cold has paralyzed the northern hemisphere, while the monsoons have caused despair to the south hemisphere spreading cholera and killing tens of thousands of people.

The Ireland has been hit with catastrophic hunger, and China, ironically has been forced to abandon rice plantations, and start planting much profitable poppy, which lead to later on for China to become the famous opium market.